SBRI: FOAK 2023 – Reliable and Maintainable Assets Rail Demonstrations

Organisations can apply for a share of £5.3m to develop a prototype and undertake field testing which will extend the life of rolling stock and passenger-facing assets, make their repair and maintenance easier and more cost-effective, or enable them to better deliver for customers.

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For theme 2 – Reliable and Easy to Maintain Assets – your project can range in size up to total costs of £400,000, inclusive of VAT. SBRI competitions involve procurement of R&D services at a fair market value, so up to 100% of costs can be covered.



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This is a Small Business Research Initiative (SBRI) competition funded by the Department for Transport (DfT). The aim of the competition is to deliver high maturity demonstrations of innovations to the UK railways. Your project must support the overarching principle for FOAK (First of a Kind) 2023.

This competition is part of a larger ‘First of a Kind’ demonstrator initiative, on behalf of the Department for Transport (DfT) and High Speed Two (HS2) Limited. The initiative aims to accelerate innovation in the UK rail sector and enable technologies to be readily and efficiently integrated into the railway system.

The overarching principle for First of a Kind 2023 is cost efficiency and increasing value for money with the following priority themes:

  • Theme 1 – Customer Experience
  • Theme 2 – Reliable and Easy to Maintain Assets (this competition)
  • Theme 3 – Optimised Train Operations
  • To lead a project, you must:

    • be an organisation of any size
    • work alone or with others from business, research organisations, research and technology organisations or the third sector as subcontractors
    • carry out your project work and demonstration in the UK

    Applicants are welcome from all sectors. You can work alone or with other organisations as subcontractor.

    Your project must involve:

    • an owner of railway assets for example stations, rolling stock or infrastructure
    • an experienced railway organisation
    • a rail organisation that has the potential to become a customer

    These criteria can be met by a single organisation or up to three separate organisations.

    You must also:

    • include a potential integration partner
    • have a letter of support signed by a senior individual, from a railway organisation with a potential to become a customer

    We recommend you approach your potential integration partners as early as possible during the application process. This to ensure your industry relationships are well established before the competition closing date, so you are able to have their support from the beginning of the project.

    You must include an organisation with railway expertise, such as train operating companies, a freight operator, rolling stock manufacturers or operators and infrastructure owners.

    We welcome projects that include an innovative start-up supply company that is already delivering in another sector.

  • Projects must:

    • start by 1 October 2023
    • end by 30 September 2024
    • last up to 12 months

    Proposals into this competition must already be high maturity at Rail Industry Readiness level 5 or above. You must show evidence of this as part of your application.

    We expect to fund between 10 and 20 projects across the 3 themes. For theme 2 – Reliable and Easy to Maintain Assets (this competition) – your project can range in size up to total costs of £400,000, inclusive of VAT.

    All awarded projects must spend 50% of the funding by 31 March 2024 and remaining 50% of the funding must be spent by 30 September 2024. This must be reflected in the eligible project cost breakdown and your milestones.

  • The aim of the competition is to deliver high maturity demonstrations of innovations to the UK railways. Your project must support the overarching principle for FOAK 2023: cost efficiency and increasing value for money.

    Your project, regardless of priority theme, must demonstrate how you will improve value for money through increasing revenue or reducing costs whilst delivering positive outcomes related to this competition’s theme which is: reliable and easy to maintain assets.

    Your proposal must also provide robust evidence supported by a rail partner.

    You must demonstrate how proven technologies can be integrated into a railway environment for the first time as ‘First of a Kind’ demonstrations. This competition aims to support innovative suppliers in preparation for market readiness.

  • In this competition your project must focus on:

    Theme 2 – Reliable and Easy to Maintain Assets

    In this theme we are seeking projects which will help extend the life of rolling stock and passenger-facing assets specifically, make their repair and maintenance easier and more cost-effective, or enable them to better deliver for customers.

    Possible examples include:

    • innovation to help prioritise rolling stock and passenger-facing assets for improvements to their reliability and availability
    • innovation to support the reporting of defects and repairs, including customer reporting, allowing a system-level diagnosis of complex faults
    • future proof design of trains and station environment with a focus on upkeep and repairs
    • non-destructive testing and predictive maintenance, including digital twin and customer feedback, weather resilience
    • innovation to encourage behaviour change in customers in tidying up after themselves and reporting failures and faults
    • innovation to support automation and minimising human manual input in cleaning and inspection of the train interiors, including toilets
    • innovation towards demonstrating robotic and AI inspections in live environments with remote supervision, including a demonstration of initial robotic and AI repair, drones and 3D printing
    • roll out of robotics and AI inspection of rolling stock and passenger facing assets
    • future proof design to achieve faster and lower cost maintenance

    Note that although software (also known as applications) for mobile devices may be in scope, only a limited number of these projects will be supported.

  • You must describe your project’s potential to be successfully exploited in a railway environment. We encourage you to discuss regulations, policy and other requirements with potential customer organisations before you submit your application.

    Your project must:

    • show how the technology delivers cost efficiency and increasing value for money to the railway industry and UK taxpayers
    • gather evidence about the integration challenges and explain how you will de-risk the integration
    • demonstrate to railway stakeholders and customers the commercial benefits of the solution
    • make taking up technologies less risky and faster
    • be pre-commercial
    • collect customer and performance feedback
    • provide a business case for using the solution in a commercial environment
    • consider the priorities of current and future franchises
    • include an evaluation phase, collecting data to support the cost benefit assessment of your proposed solution

    You must provide evidence, showing your innovation can attract customers, get insurance, supply warranties, and attract financing.

    Your evidence must show:

    • the technology works as designed when integrated into larger complex systems and delivers the expected outcomes
    • the technology is accepted by and delivers benefits for customers and the broader rail industry
    • there is revenue potential for the innovation within a real commercial context
    • the financing and business models can be delivered within a complex programme and consortium structure

    You must demonstrate potential benefits to passengers and customers, including:

    • why customers would buy the product
    • how the funding will help applicants grow and result in broader economic benefits

    We will give preference to applications which:

    • help the innovation to be formally accepted for use on the railway, for example, through obtaining test certificates or product acceptance approvals
    • offer innovations that can be used by multiple railway organisations

    You must also include an evaluation activity to identify the cost and benefits of your deliverables, and to support commercial uptake of your product.

    You must present at an industry briefing event to highlight the benefits you can bring to the railways.

  • Your project must create a highly interactive and innovative demonstrator in a railway environment which will enable the most effective demonstration of the technology.

    The most appropriate environment for this must be agreed with your rail industry partners. In their role as potential future customers, they will be well-placed to propose an appropriately representative railway environment.

    This must be a railway environment where railway customers and industry representatives can witness the product as a compelling business proposition and must be as close to a live railway environment as possible.

    The demonstration of your innovation is a key deliverable and must be included as part of your milestones.

    You must work with your railway partners to achieve this, obtaining all required permissions and approvals. This must take the form of a launch event at, for example, a railway station or depot, attended by a range of industry stakeholders with potential interest in your product.

    Example environments can include:

    • within a railway station
    • in rolling stock
    • on railway infrastructure
    • in the environment close to the railway

    This list is not exhaustive, however, and others may be more appropriate to demonstrate certain types of technology.

    Where required, the event may be online to access a wider selection of stakeholders. However, in this case the events must be augmented by evidence of your deployment in a railway environment.

    You should de-risk all aspects of this before bidding into this competition to ensure that it can be delivered to the requirements of DfT and Innovate UK.

  • Innovate UK KTN hosted a briefing for the event on 14th June: watch the recording here.

    If you want help to find an organisation to work with:, contact Innovate UK KTN’s Transport team.


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